MIDTERM CRP 2009

Sabtu, 28 November 2009

1. Research as a process of knowledge inquiry is different from deriving new knowledge through obser vation because …
A. Observation does not support research
B. Observation needs no validation
C. Observation is lacking in analysis & interpretation
D. Observation is needed only in observational study
E. Observation is just the 1st step of research

2. Validity in research…
A. Trustworthy
B. Accuracy

3. Example basic research is reflected in the title below…
A. Comparison of clindamycin and spiramycin for bacterial vaginosis
B. Profile maternal death at Jatinagor 2008 - 2009
C. The role of caffeine ci=onsumption in cardiovascular response improvement
D. Ultrasonography increase diagnostic accuracy in ectopic pregnancy
E. Health cost analysis among health insurance consumer at Hasan Sadikin Hospital

4. Philosophy is as important as empirical world of research in perspective below…
A. It is the primary source of idea
B. It is the basic value of research
C. It is measureable
D. It is a measure of validity
E. It is the tool to prove the theory

9. Yang termasuk cohort study
A. Quality of life in cervical ca. after radiotherapy or chemotherapy
B. Vesicovaginal fistula in cervical ca.
C. Diagnosis with IVA test in cervical ca.
E. Prognosis assessment use new scoring system

19. Case control advantage
A. Large sample
B. Not time consuming
C. Relative risk can be calculated
D. Not influenced by confounding factors
E. Recall bias decreased

21. Dua keluarga diobservasi, 1 sungai bersih, 1 tercemar
A. Cross sectional
B. Cohort
C. Clinical trial
D. Case control
E. Qualitative

Case no. 23-26
An orthopedic wants to see effect of premature birth to bone disorder in children. HE takes 150 sample and observes them periodically for 5 years.
23. What is the most appropriate study design?
A. Case control
B. Clinical trial
C. Cross sectional
D. Cohort
E. Experimental

25. Apa disadvantage dari research design di atas? (premature birth effect to bone deformity observed in 5 years)
D. most potential  loss of follow up

26. What is the advantage of study design you chooses in no. 25? (cohort)
A. The researchers could give intervention to the samples
B. The cause-effect relationship is stronger than other study design
C. There are some expert involved that could increase the validity of the result
D. Data collection is very simple
E. Low cost since they only do observation to the sample

27. Percobaan balsam terhadap skin allergies di mice termasuk apa…

31. The effects of TB to quality of life (QOL) in 5 years…
A. Cross sectional
B. Cohort
C. Clinical trial
D. Qualitative
D. Experimental

32. Relation between non-contraceptive hormone & risk rheumatoid arthritis in menopausal woman
Study design : population based case control study
Verified through clinical exam
Interview : hormone use (estrogen & progesterone) and demographic & reproductive factors
Scale measure of age (in year)
A. Nominal scale
B. Ordinal scale
C. Interval scale
D. Ratio scale
E. Qualitative data

33. Scale measurement of race
A. Nominal scale
B. Ordinal scale
C. Interval scale
D. Ratio scale
E. Qualitative scale

34. Scale measurement of education level
A. Nominal scale
B. Ordinal scale
C. Interval scale
D. Ratio scale
E. Qualitative scale

37. Use of contraception (yes, no, unknown)
A. Nominal scale
B. Ordinal scale
C. Interval scale
D. Ratio scale
E. Qualitative scale

38. The scale of ARA (American Rheumatism Association) criteria status (definite or classic, probable) is…
A. Nominal scale
B. Ordinal scale
C. Interval scale
D. Ratio scale
E. Qualitative scale

39. Pada chronic disease…
A. P = I x D
B.

40. Independent variable in the case?
A. Use of hormonal contraceptive
B. Menopausal women
C. Rheumatoid arthritis
D. Demographic and reproductive factor
E. ARA (American Rheumatism Association)

41. Dependent variable in the case?
A. Use of hormonal contraceptive
B. Menopausal women
C. Rheumatoid arthritis
D. Demographic and reproductive factor
E. ARA (American Rheumatism Association)


Untuk no. 42 - 44
In age 22-69  60% smoker, 40% non-smoker. CAD  1 in 100 population (smoker), 8 in 100 population (non-smoker).

42. Berapa yang smoker bila total population 100.000?

43. If total population is 100.000, how many people get CAD?
Jawaban : 9200

44. Ratio between smoker and non-smoker
A. 40/100
B. 60/100
C. 60/32
D. 40/60
E. 60/40

45. One of the characteristic of prevalence is…
A. A fundamental tool in ecological study of the disease
B. Act as direct indicator of the risk of getting sick
C. Indicated for the new events or cases occurred in the population
D. The rate prevalence can be determined by a single survey cross-sectional study
E. The rate prevalence obtained accurately by cohort study

48. In district X, the population is 4 million. In year-ending 2000, the number of death = 3000, among them due to TB = 200 (men 120, women 80). The number of TB cases is 4000 (men 1700, women 2300).
What is the causes-specific mortality rate in year 2000?
B. 200/4 mllion = 5/100000

50. Proportionate mortality ratio from tuberculosis
Jawaban : 200/3000

52. The scale of measurement of gestational age…
A. Nominal scale
B. Ordinal scale
C. Interval scale
D. Ratio scale
E. Qualitative scale

54. The scale of measurement of gender is…
A. Nominal scale
B. Ordinal scale
C. Interval scale
D. Ratio scale
E. Qualitative scale

58. What is the advantage of previous research design? (Clinical trial - Case Exatinide / Byetta)
A. Generate new hypothesis
B. Estimate overall prevalence
C. Estimate exposure proportion
D. Quick, easy, inexpensive
E. May give causal relationship

59. Soalnya tentang long-acting dan short acting insulin…
Disadvantage of particular study design…
A.
B. Cannot show causal relationship
C. Difficult to control confounding
D. Expensive & time consuming
E. Recall bias