Minggu, 13 Januari 2008


1. The space in the inner membrane of mitochondria is called the matrix. What does it contain?
A. high hydrogen ion concentration
B. low hydrogen ion concentration
C. no ribosome
D. no DNA
E. no protein synthesis

2. The true statement about 3D structure of protein:
A. The 3D structure is determined by sequence of
amino acid
B. The 3D structure has non-covalent bonds
C. The 3D structure only interact with hydrophobic
D. The 3D structure is not found in human
E. The 3D structure is only important in enzyme

3. Which statement is associated with three dimensional
A. primary structure
B. secondary structure
C. tertiary structure
D. primary.secondary,tertiary structure
E. not depending in structure of protein

4. Which of the following statement is true about 3D protein structure if it is heated at high temperature?
A. amino acids will combined with other amino acid
B. protein will function at constant rate
C. will lost it function
D. not effect at all to the protein structure

5. The mitochondria have 2 membranes.The outer
membrane is permeable to small molecules and ions
while the inner membrane is impermeable to most
small molecules and ions,including hydrogen ion.The
inner mitochondria membrane serves the component of
the following
A. All glycolytic enzymes
B. Enzymes for citric acid cycle
C. Fatty acids B-oxidation pathway
D. Amino acid oxidation pathway
E. ATP synthase

6. What is the major element of the cell?
A. C, H, O, N
B. C, H, S, P
C. C, H, S, Na
D. S, P, Ca, Na
E. S, H, Na, C

9. When base sequence of DNA segment likes above,how
many H-bonds these nucleotides segment will have?
A. 8
B. 16
C. 18
D. 20
E. 24

12. Under physiological condition, secretion of protein maybe through which of the following?
A. Vesicle
B. Across lipid bilayer
C. Using protein membrane as transporter
D. To build complex with Ca+++
E. Should bind enzyme molecules

13. What is NOT the basic field in medical science?
A. Biology
B. Chemistry
C. Biochemistry
D. Nutrition
E. Statistics

15. What kind of glucose in human body cell?
A. D-Glucose
B. L-Glucose
C. Both of them
D. None
E. Bind with ATP

17. Protein can be denatured by which of the following?
A. Concentrated urea solution
B. Oxygen
C. Strong acid
D. Concentrated ethanol solution
E. Heat

19. Which is isotonic solution?
A. Glucose 0.9%
B. CaCl2 0.9%
C. KCl 0.9%
D. NaCl 0.9%

20. The body needs chloride, sodium, potassium, etc. What
are these solution are called?
A. Acid
B. Base
C. Electrolyte
D. Salt
E. Reactant

21. Before decide the appropriate class of drug, what is the
term used in experiment by researchers?
A. Concentration
B. Molar
C. Molality
D. Normality
E. Percent

22. What is the function of bile acid in lipid digestion?
A. Electrolyte
B. Emulsifier
C. Dispersing Agent
D. Solvent
E. Solute

23. Albumin function is maintain osmotic pressure. What is
the colligative properties that can stop osmotic
A. Boiling point elevation
B. Freezing point depression
C. Osmotic pressure
D. Vapour depression
E. Vapour depression and osmotic pressure

24. Which one is not colloid?
A. Oil in water
B. Benzoic acid in water
C. Smoke
D. Milk
E. Butter

26. Colloid state for gelatin dessert
A. Both are solid
B. Both are liquid
C. Dispersing medium liquid, dispersing phase solid
D. Dispersing medium solid, dispersing phase liquid
E. Both are gas

27. Forest burning causes air pollution. What type is fog?
A. Aerosol
B. Foam
C. Emulsion
D. Solid foam
E. Solution

28. What is the form of shaving cream?
A. Aerosol
B. Foam
C. Solid foam
D. Solution
E. Emulsion

30. Free radical can oxidized unsaturated fatty acid. What type of bond & type of reaction occur?
A. Single bond & redox reaction
B. Double bond & redox reaction
C. Triple bond & redox reaction
D. Sigma bond & redox reaction
E. Pi bond & redox reaction

32. Which of the organic compound produce substance in
transform with additional reaction?
A. Alcohol
B. Alkene
C. Alkyne
D. Ethers
E. Aliphatic

34. Which of the ketone bodies that has/have volatile
A. Acetoacetic acid and hydroxybutyric acid
B. Acetoacetic acid and acetone
C. Hydroxybutyric acid acetone
D. Acetone
E. Hydroxybutyric acid

36. Which of the following bond can NOT make conformation?
A. Sigma bond
B. Pi bond
C. Single bond
D. Double bond
E. Triple bond

37. Which of this organic compound can interact with central
Nervous System?
A. benzene
B. carboxylic acid
C. cystein
D. diethyl ether
E. paraffin

39. Bovine insulin composed of two polypeptide chains. What
kind of bond joined these two polypeptides?
A. Charge bond
B. Covalent bond
C. Disulfide bond
D. Hydrogen bond
E. Peptide bond

40. Aldehyde and ketone are important groups for identifiying
monosaccharides.What are the type of reaction that
A. Group transfer reaction
B. Redox reaction
C. Rearrangement reaction
D. Hydrolysis
E. Elimination

41. Which of the following antibiotic has many member lactones
ring in its structure?
A. Cannamycine
B. Chloramphenicol
C. Erythromycine
D. Penicilline
E. Tetracycline

42. Which of the following antibiotic has chloride in its
A. Bacitracin
B. Chloramphenicol
C. Penicillin
D. Polymyxin
E. Streptomycin

43. Structure found in animal glycoprotein
44. Found in eye’s diabetic person
45. Uronic acid
47. To decreased cerebral pressure
48. Detoxifying agent
49. Structure of Mannitol

50. Cell wall of gram-positive bacteria consisting of multiple
layers of these compound
A. Dextrans
B. Peptidoglycan
C. Glycosaminoglycan
D. Glycoprotein
E. Glycogen

51. Chondroitin Sulphate is an example of this compound.
A. Dextran
B. Peptidoglycan
C. Glycosaminoglycan
D. Glycoprotein
E. Glycogen

52. This compound is abundant in muscle tissues;where it is
More immediately available for energy release
A. Dextran
B. Peptidoglycan
C. Glycosaminoglycan
D. Glycoprotein
E. Glycogen

54. The compound that produce in the liver and acts as
stored energy organ in an animal
A. Dextrans
B. Peptidoglycan
C. Glycosaminoglycan
D. Glycoprotein
E. Glycogen

56. A single layer of gram-negative bacteria is
58. Blood glucose resulted from hydrolysis of these

60. Dimmer of cellulose polymer.
A. Lactose
B. Sucrose
C. Cellobiose
D. Gentibiose
E. Maltose

62. It is found in milk
A. Lactose
B. Sucrose
C. Cellubiose
D. Gentibiose
E. Maltose

63. What is glycemic index is related to?
A. High protein level
B. High lipid/fat level
C. High fiber level
D. High absorption
E. More solid form à NOT SURE

64. All monosaccharides will be converted by the liver into
which of the following?
A. Fructose
B. Galactose
C. Glucose
D. Sucrose
E. Maltose

66. Which food contains more lactose?
A. Malt syrup
B. Corn syrup
C. Honey
D. Soybean milk
E. Cow milk

70. What is the structure of sphingomyelin?
Ans: D

75. Example of lecithin.
A. Prostaglandin
B. Phospholipid
C. Cholesterol
D. Bile acid
E. Sphingomyelin

76. Which of the following compound is derived from
A. Prostaglandin
B. Phospholipid
C. Cholesterol
D. Bile acid
E. Sphingomyelin

77. Determinant of blood osmotic pressure.
A. Myoglobin
B. Globulin
C. Hemoglobin
D. Albumin
E. Water

83. Which of the following is protein conformation disease?
A. Albumin
B. Mad cow disease
C. Hemoglobin
E. Myoglobin

84. Which of the following including essential fatty acid?
A. Stearic acid & palmitic acid
B. Oleic acid & linoleic acid
C. Stearic acid & linoleic acid
D. Palmitic acid & linolenic acid
E. Linoleic acid & linolenic acid

85. LDL is produced at:
A. Liver
B. Gall bladder
C. Small intestine
D. Colon
E. Pancreas

87. Triglycerides consist of the following
A. 3 phospholipids attached to cholesterol
B. 3 glycerol attached to lipid
C. 3 fatty acids attached to glucose
D. 3 cholesterol attached to glycerol
E. 3 fatty acids attached to glycerol

90. Chylomicron are produced by the
A. Liver
B. Pancrease
C. Gallbladder
D. Small intestine
E. Colon

91. What is the vehicle transport for lipid in blood?
A. Micelle
B. Lipoprotein
C. Blood vessel
D. Monotriglycerides
E. Polytriglyceride

93. This structure shows Cytosine
94. Phosphodiester linkages
95. This base Nitrogen can be found in DNA or RNA
96. Glycosidic linkage
97. The structure shows Cytidilic acid

98. Given the bases segment of 1 strand DNA – 5’GAATGAAT

100. What is the most important biological function of
A. Precursor for synthesis of nucleic acid
B. Storage energy
C. Structural function of membrane
D. Transmission of nerve impulse
E. Immumne protection

102. Which one is the medical application of nucleobases,
nucleosides and nucleotides?
A. They act as bacterial agent
B. They act as therapy of fever
C. They act as hormone substitute
D. They act as emulsifying agent
E. They act as cancer chemotherapy

103. Which part of amino acid chemical structure differentiates one
from another?
A. double bonds
B. side groups
C. acid groups
D. carboxyl group
E. amino group

104. What is the meaning of essential amino acid?
A.The body that can synthesize them for itself
B.The body that can synthesize it from fat
C.The body that can synthesize it from carbohydrate
D.The body that can’t make in sufficient quantity
E.The body can’t synthesize it from vitamins

105. Sometimes non-essential amino acid becomes essential
amino acid under special condition, which is including
conditionally essential amino acid?
A. Valine
B. Methionine
C. Glutamine
D. Leucine
E. Isoleucine

106. What is the major event of protein digestion in stomach?
B. Mechanical process which cutting larger molecules into smaller molecules
C. Catalyze by several enzymes
D. Emulsifiers

107. What is the fate of amino acid after enter cell?
A. Oxidise to energy and store as protein
B. Oxidise to energy and change to protein
C. Change to lipid
D. Store as protein
E. Build to enzyme

108. What function of protein should be avoided during starvation?
A. Protein as a building material
B. Protein as hormone
C. Protein as regulator of fluid balance
D. Protein as acid-base balance
E. Protein as a source of energy

109. What is the meaning of protein turnover?
A. The amount of protein on food before eating
B. The amount of protein absorb from diet
C. The amount of protein used for energy
D. The amount of protein found in albumin
E. The amount of protein synthesized and degraded

113. Which of the foodstuff has a highest protein quantity?
A. rice, banana, soy
B. rice, apple, milk
C. soy, apple, milk
D. soy, egg, milk
E. egg, asparagus, milk

114. What is a pair of food that can provide COMPLETE protein?
A. French fries and fried chicken
B. Rice porridge and chicken
C. Chicken and nasi gudeg
D. Sticky black rice and green bean
E. Porridge rice and asparagus soup

115. Which of these food contain no protein?
A. rice
B. milk
C. oil
D. soy bean
E. tofu

116. What is the effect if person take a lot of protein?
A. healthy
B. dehydration
C. obesity
D. edema
E. heart disease

117. Which of these food contain the highest amount of nucleic
A. chicken skin
B. corn
D. red meat
E. egg

118. What are vitamins?
A. Inorganic molecules
B. Need in large amount
C. Required in most catabolism reaction
D. Are soluble in either water or fat
E. Performed best when linked in big molecules

124. Function of vitamin C?
A. Intrinsic factor
B. Antagonist
C. Coenzyme
D. Antioxidant
E. Energizer

125. What is good source of vitamin A?
A. Whole-wheat bread, green peas, tuna
B. White bread, apples, noodles
C. Oats, pintot beans
D. Liver, apricot, turnip
E. Corn, grapefruit juice, sunflower

127. What is the body precursor to make vitamin D?
A. Cholesterol
B. Bilirubine
C. B-Carotene
D. Tocophenol
E. Creatinine phosphate

128. What is vitamin
A. inorganic molecules
B. need in large amount
C. required in most catabolism reaction
D. are soluble in either water or fat
E. perform best when link in big molecule

129. What is the characteristic of fat soluble vitamin?
A. It is easily excreted
B. It is not stored in muscle tissue
C. It seldom cause toxicity
D. It is secreted from intestine by lipoprotein
E. It is secreted through urine

132. What is the role of Vitamin C?
A. Physiological nerve function
B. Required for fat formation
C. Required for collagen production
D. Coenzyme in lipid and carbohydrate metabolism
E. Promote heme-iron production

133. Source of vitamin B:
A. Red meat, egg
B. Banana, pineapple
C. Fresh fish, milk
D. Pineapple, red meat
E. Milk, leafy vegetables

134. What is the function of niacin?
A. A coenzyme in…..
B. A coenzyme of NAD and NADP
C. A coenzyme of …..
D. Synthesis of myelin
E. Immune function

135. What is true about vitamin B12?
A. Unstable when heating
B. RDA is 300mg
C. source from tempe
D. deficiency disturb respiration

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