Latihan soal BHP

Rabu, 26 Desember 2007

Philosophy of Science & Ethic in Biomedical Research

1. Philosophy of science is an academic field which studies…
a. Roles of science
b. Phenomenon of science
c. History of science
d. Appliance of science
e. Theory of science

2. Activity of thinking based on applying certain steps/rules to analyze a problem is called…
a. Logic
b. Analytic
c. Revelation
d. Intuition
e. Empiricalism

3. A proposition may be accepted as true if it coheres with other prepositions which are known to be true. But it is not suggest that the truth of these propositions lies in their coherence. The statement above is the content of Theory of Coherence which was declared by…
a. Aristoteles
b. Socrates
c. Plato
d. A and C correct
e. B and C correct

4. Who is the person who has to be known as someone who established the experimental method as a scientific paradigm?
a. Karl Person
b. John Dewey
c. Bertrand Russel
d. Roger Bacon
e. Francis Bacon

5. Which one is not one of the formulation of hypothesis?
a. Gives direction to the collection of needed data
b. To state the correlation between 2 or more variable
c. Clear and compact
d. In a declarative sentence
e. Can be proven

6. Variable is…
a. The basis of the correlational research
b. Factors that have a role in the phenomenon or symptoms that will be examined
c. Shouldn’t be identified operationally
d. Something that will be the subject of the research
e. The statement of the condition

7. Which one is not include the methods in historical research?
a. Collecting
b. Evaluation
c. Acceleration
d. Synthesis
e. Verification

8. To study the pattern and sequence of growth or alteration as a function of time is the goal of…
a. Historical research
b. Descriptive research
c. Development research
d. Correlational research
e. Experimental research

9. Create the possibilities to measure some variables and their correlation simultaneously in a real condition is the characteristic of…
a. Historical research
b. Descriptive research
c. Development research
d. Correlational research
e. Experimental research

10. The statement below are the application of statistic, except…
a. Formulation of hypothesis
b. Hypothesis proven
c. Arrangement of theoretic model
d. Development of data collecting
e. Arrangement of hypothesis design

11. In what year was the Nuremberg Code declared?
a. 1937
b. 1947
c. 1957
d. 1958
e. 1959

12. CIOMS stands for…
a. Centre International Organization on Medical Sciences
b. Central International Organization on Medical Sciences
c. Central International Organization of Medical Sciences
d. Centre International Organization of Medical Sciences
e. Centre International Organization of Medical Standards

13. What organization that proposed International Guidelines for Biomedical Research involving human subjects?
a. ICH
b. IEC
d. GMP
e. IRB

14. There are several investigator’s responsibilities, except…
a. Communicating with the IRB/IEC
b. Complying with the trial protocol
c. Reporting adverse events
d. Reporting trial result
e. Review of the trial protocol and other key documents

15. Identifying information is essential for linking the records of specific individuals from different sources such as the following, except…
a. Physicians records
b. Hospital records
c. Death records
d. Diseases records
e. Employment records

16. Epidemiologic studies have used the following procedure, designed to protect the confidentially of subjects, except…
a. Informed data is required for all phases
b. As a first step in study, records must be viewed
c. All data obtained are stored under lock and key
d. Only study numbers are used on data forms
e. All result are published only in aggregate or group form

17. Which one of these statements is not include the roles of the epidemiologist?
a. Developing specific policy proposals
b. The process of policy making
c. Absenting specific policy options
d. Projecting the impact of each options
e. Including generating and inter

18. Given the pivotal position of epidemiology in the development of clinical and public health policy and its implications for the statements below, except…
a. The best conclusions possible in research
b. Environmental regulation
c. Individual lifestyle changes
d. The finding from epidemiologic studies attract widespread attention and high public visibility
e. Modifications in clinical practice

19. What is the most important considerations in biomedical research on human trials?
a. The rights of the trial subject
b. Safety of the trial subject
c. Well-being of the trial subject
d. All of the above
e. None of the above

20. Employer of industry/government epidemiologist may be significantly affected…
a. Politically
b. Socially
c. Legally
d. A and B correct
e. A and C correct


1.B 2.B 3.D 4.E 5.B
6.B 7.C 8.C 9.D 10.E
11.B 12.B 13.C 14.E 15.D
16.B 17.C 18.A 19.D 20.E

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